Equity Stakes refer to the percentage of ownership that private equity or venture capital firms acquire in a company they invest in. These stakes are typically made through preferred stock or convertible debt that converts into equity. Venture firms may take minority equity stakes of 10-30% in early-stage startups or growth equity rounds. Private equity firms acquire majority equity stakes of 51% or greater in more mature companies through leveraged buyouts. The larger the equity stake, the more control, voting power, board seats, and influence the investor has in the company. Large stakes also increase the returns if the company appreciates in value. However, equity stakes come with risk - investors can lose their entire investment if the company fails. The goal is to sell the equity stake for a profit through an acquisition, IPO, or other liquidity event.